The cinema as the art-form of the 20th century, taking over from the 19th century novel. Film-making in the context of a "culture of time and space". The basic techniques and processes of film-making. Expanding material possibilities. Cinematographical languages. Diverse and shifting conceptions of the cinema in relation to other discursive forms. Works embodying major moments of film history, to be screened and analyzed in relation to the writings of central film theorists.